The Lord’s Supper
23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which He was betrayed took bread; 24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 25 In the same way He took the cup also after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.” 26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.
27 Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord. 28 But a man must examine himself, and in so doing he is to eat of the bread and drink of the cup. 29 For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself if he does not judge the body rightly. 30 For this reason many among you are weak and sick, and a number sleep. 31 But if we judged ourselves rightly, we would not be judged. 32 But when we are judged, we are disciplined by the Lord so that we will not be condemned along with the world.
33 So then, my brethren, when you come together to eat, wait for one another. 34 If anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, so that you will not come together for judgment. The remaining matters I will arrange when I come. 1 Corinthians 11:23-34
So let each individual first evaluate his own attitude and only then eat the bread and drink the cup. 29 For continually eating and drinking with a wrong spirit will bring judgment upon yourself by not recognizing the body. 30 This insensitivity is why many of you are weak, chronically ill, and some even dying. 31 If you do not sit in judgment of others, you will avoid judgment yourself. 32 But when we are judged, it is the Lord’s training so that we will not be condemned along with the world. 1 Corinthians 11:28-32 Passion Translation
28. examine—Greek, “prove” or “test” his own state of mind in respect to Christ’s death, and his capability of “discerning the Lord’s body” (1Co 11:29, 31). Not auricular confession to a priest, but self-examination is necessary.
so—after due self-examination.
of … of—In 1Co 11:27, where the receiving was unworthily, the expression was, “eat this bread, drink … cup” without “of.” Here the “of” implies due circumspection in communicating [BENGEL].
let him eat—His self-examination is not in order that he may stay away, but that he may eat, that is, communicate.
29. damnation—A mistranslation which has put a stumbling-block in the way of many in respect to communicating. The right translation is “judgment.” The judgment is described (1Co 11:30-32) as temporal.
not discerning—not duly judging: not distinguishing in judgment (so the Greek: the sin and its punishment thus being marked as corresponding) from common food, the sacramental pledges of the Lord’s body. Most of the oldest manuscripts omit “Lord’s” (see 1Co 11:27). Omitting also “unworthily,” with most of the oldest manuscripts, we must translate, “He that eateth and drinketh, eateth and drinketh judgment to himself, IF he discern not the body” (Heb 10:29). The Church is “the body of Christ” (1Co 12:27). The Lord’s body is His literal body appreciated and discerned by the soul in the faithful receiving, and not present in the elements themselves.
30. weak … sickly—He is “weak” who has naturally no strength: “sickly,” who has lost his strength by disease [TITTMANN, Greek Synonyms of the New Testament]. 1 Corinthians 11:28-30