Yahweh Yireh -יְהוָה יִרְאֶה

Yahweh Yireh  –יְהוָה יִרְאֶה, YHWH yirʾe The first word of the phrase is the Tetragrammaton (יהוה), YHWH, the most common name of God in the Hebrew Bible, which is usually given the pronunciation “Yahweh” in scholarly works.[1] Following a Jewish tradition of not pronouncing God’s proper name, YHWH is generally translated in English bibles as “the LORD” or “GOD” in capital letters, just as in Jewish worship it is traditionally not pronounced but the word Adonai (“Lord”) or Elohim (“God”) is used instead. Jehovah is a Christian anglicized vocalization of this name using the vowels of Adonai.

The early Septuagint translation into Greek gives the meaning as “The Lord hath seen.”[2] One Latin version of the Christian Bible rendered the name in Latin as Dominus videt (“The LORD sees”).[3] The King James Version follows this meaning, as quoted above.

Jewish translations of the verse into English include,

And Abraham called the name of that place Adonai-jireh; as it is said to this day: ‘In the mount where the LORD is seen.’ – Genesis 22:14 (Jewish Publication Society translation of 1917)

However, some modern translations, including the NIV, render it “the LORD will provide”,[4] amplifying the literal meaning along the lines of “the LORD will see to it”, and referring to Abraham’s earlier words in 22:8, “God himself will provide the lamb”.[5][6]

Some Jewish commentators see the name as alluding to the future importance of the place as the site of the Temple built by Solomon. Considering the passive construction of Abraham’s words in verse 14, “In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen”, Calvin comments that it teaches “that God not only looks upon those who are his, but also makes his help manifest to them…”[8] John Wesley and Matthew Henry go further, suggesting that “perhaps it may refer to God manifest in the flesh.”[6][9]

Genesis 22: 1 ¶  Now it came about after these things, that God tested Abraham, and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.”

2  He said, “Take now your son, your only son, whom you love, Isaac, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I will tell you.”

3 ¶  So Abraham rose early in the morning and saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him and Isaac his son; and he split wood for the burnt offering, and arose and went to the place of which God had told him.

4  On the third day Abraham raised his eyes and saw the place from a distance.

5  Abraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey, and I and the lad will go over there; and we will worship and return to you.”

6  Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Isaac his son, and he took in his hand the fire and the knife. So the two of them walked on together.

7  Isaac spoke to Abraham his father and said, “My father!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.” And he said, “Behold, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?”

8  Abraham said, “God will provide for Himself the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.” So the two of them walked on together.

9  Then they came to the place of which God had told him; and Abraham built the altar there and arranged the wood, and bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood.

10  Abraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son.

11 ¶  But the angel of the LORD called to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.”

12  He said, “Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, and do nothing to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.”

13  Then Abraham raised his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him a ram caught in the thicket by his horns; and Abraham went and took the ram and offered him up for a burnt offering in the place of his son.

14  Abraham called the name of that place The LORD Will Provide, as it is said to this day, “In the mount of the LORD it will be provided.”

15 ¶  Then the angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time from heaven,

16  and said, “By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, because you have done this thing and have not withheld your son, your only son,

17  indeed I will greatly bless you, and I will greatly multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your seed shall possess the gate of their enemies.

18  “In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.”

19  So Abraham returned to his young men, and they arose and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham lived at Beersheba.

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